Moral Reasoning Discussion on Whistleblowing – sources attached

The views on whistleblowing are divided. On the one hand,
whistleblowing is seen as a necessary evil. The “evil” of whistleblowing lies
in violating the implicit loyalty and confidentiality that one owes to one’s
employer even if one is justified in doing so. DeGeorge develops the argument
in one of the readings for this week that whistleblowing is justified if
certain conditions are met. On the other hand, whistle blowing is seen as an
affirmation of loyalty because, even if one is reporting one’s employer
publicly, the act is selfless and focused on the good of the corporation.
Larmer presents this view in his article assigned for this week.

 These two views regarding whistleblowing reflect the
divided views on Snowden’s case. (See the YouTube videos on Snowden and
whistleblowing recommended for this week.) To some, Snowden was not only
disloyal to and in breach of his confidentiality agreement to the company that
hired him, but also a traitor to the United States. As reported in the news,
Barry Manning’s attempt to expose the disregard for human life displayed by the
American military in Iraq and Afghanistan was met with a 35-year conviction.
Consequently, others view Snowden as a hero who had no other alternative but to
whistleblow on the breaches to the Constitution that affected the privacy of
American citizens since an internal report might not have been successful in
light of the government’s conflict of interest.

 In your post examine the following questions, which
will also need to be informed by the Kant reading in the textbook assigned for
this week:

 a. Were Snowden’s
actions in accordance or contrary to the notion of duty in Kantian ethics?
Explain why.

 b. Can
whistleblowing be a universal maxim?

 c. Is
whistleblowing another way of supporting the universal maxim to not lie?

d. What would be the
argument that Snowden is a hero and a patriot? (Provide at least two reasons
and their corresponding support—so do not merely advance opinion.)

 e. What would be
the argument that Snowden is a traitor? (Provide at least two reasons and their
corresponding support—so do not merely advance opinion.)


  1. Freeman,
    R. E. R. (1988). A stakeholder theory of the modern corporation. Perspectives
    in Business Ethics
    . Retrieved from
  2. Friedman,
    M. (1970, Sep. 13). The social responsibility of business is to increase its
    . New York Times Magazine. Retrieved from
  3. Larmer,
    R.A. (1992). Whistleblowing and employee loyalty. Journal of Business
    Ethics, 11
    (2), 125-128. Retrieved from the ProQuest database.
  4. Lop,
    P. (2011, Feb. 24). Understanding De George’s Standard theory on whistleblowing.
    Inside Business 360. Retrieved from


  1. CNN.
    (2013, July 15). Greenwald: Snowden a responsible whistleblower
    [Video file]. Retrieved from
  2. Kevin
    M. Gallagher. (2013, June 9). NSA
    whistleblower Edward Snowden: ‘I don’t want to live in a society that does
    these sorts of things
    [Video file]. Retrieved from
  3. The
    Stochastic Sister. (2011, Aug. 6). Curb your enthusiasm – waiting room policy [Video
    file]. Retrieved from
  4. Triviatrailers.
    (2011, May 31). The
    whistleblower (2011) – official trailer [HD]
    [Video file].
    Retrieved from

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