I’m mildly shocked that Hartman, et. al., do not offer a citation to a seminal paper addressing business/society and the environment.By that, I mean: “Tragedy of the Commons”, by Garrett Hardin, as found in: Science, New Series, Vol. 162, No. 3859. (Dec. 13, 1968), pp. 1243-1248.
A functional link to a pdf can be found at:http://pages.mtu.edu/~asmayer/rural_sustain/governance/Hardin%201968.pdf
If that link is broken, please search for the title in your favorite search engine.
Please access it and give it a read—it is only five pages or so, and well worth your understanding.
“We want the maximum good per person; but what is good?To one person it is wilderness, to another it is ski lodges for thousands.To one it is estuaries to nourish ducks for hunters to shoot; to another it is factory land.Comparing one good with another is, we usually say, impossible because goods are incommensurable.Incommensurables cannot be compared…”(1244)
Question #1:What ethical framework from chapter three would seem to support this statement?Do you hold with Professor Hardin’s continuation after this quote that claims: “…in real life incommensurables are commensurable.”?How so?
Question #2:What real-life “Tragedy (Tragedies?) of the Commons” do you see in business/society today?