and then define a significant issue faced by the justice system,
describe the scope and consequences of the issue, and discuss society’s
responses to the issue (including public policies and other less formal
responses). Papers should also present a clearly reasoned alternative,
supported by scholarly research.
While the following example can be modified to suit your needs, this outline is likely to result in a high-quality Final Paper:
- What is the problem? Be sure to narrow your problem enough to allow a focused examination.
- What are the individual and social implications of this problem?
Discussion of implications should be supported by accurate research
- What do the experts say about the problem?
- What have we, as a society, done about this problem? Consider public policies and other, less formal responses.
- How are public policies and other, less formal responses working?
- Describe an alternative solution to the problem.
- Discuss why the alternative is, or can be, an effective response
to the problem. Remember to consider negative consequences of the
- Conclude with your thoughts about your chosen social problem.
This is a good place to include personal opinions, assuming you wish to
share them in a research paper.
short, define a problem, discuss the response, and provide alternative
responses to the problem. For example, your problem could be drug
use/abuse, with a focus on prescription drug abuse among teenagers. Your
description of the problems should be fact based, relying on expert
opinion. Your alternative response can be an adjustment of current
policy or a new direction. For example, your may propose longer prison
sentences, or legalization of all drugs. Be creative, although
suggestions must be supported by scholarly research.
The paper must be eight to ten pages in length (excluding the title
and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style. You must use
at least five scholarly resources, at least three of which can be found
in the Ashford Online Library, to support your claims and subclaims.
Cite your resources in text and on the reference page. For information
regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center
within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar. Please
visit the Academic Research section on your course homepage (accessible
through the Student Responsibilities and Policies tab on the left
navigation toolbar) to review what types of materials are not acceptable
for academic, university-level research.
Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:
- Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length, and
formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing
- Must include a title page with the following:
- Title of paper
- Student’s name
- Course name and number
- Instructor’s name
- Date submitted
- Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
- Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
- Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
- Must use at least five scholarly resources, including a minimum of three from the Ashford Online Library.
- Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.