50 multiple choice question on sociology of law

1.For Chambliss, where would we see the greatest deterrent effect?

Select one:

a. High-commitment criminals committing instrumental crimes

b. High commitment criminals committing low-commitment crimes

c. Low-commitment criminals committing instrumental crimes

d. Low-commitment criminals committing expressive crimes.

2.True or False: As discussed in lecture and the Sorensen article, the death penalty is an effective deterrent to crime

Select one:

a. True

b. False

3: For Baumgartner and Hagan, factors outside the circumstantial evidence of a case and the law play a role in the outcome of court cases.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

4.Which form of law includes criminal law and the regulation of public utilities?

Select one:

a. Private law

b. Statutory law

c. Socialist law

d. Public law

5.For Chambliss, what are crimes committed on a regular or frequent basis?

Select one:

a. Expressive

b. Instrumental

c. Low-Commitment

d. High-Commitment

6.Why was the death penalty considered unconstitutional under Furman v. Georgia?

Select one:

a. It violated the Fourth Amendment

b. It was enforced arbitrarily, making it cruel and unusual

c. It allowed for the execution of innocent persons

d. DNA evidence was not considered

7.What is considered to be the worst form of informal social control?

Select one:

a. Prison

b. Execution

c. Banishment

d. None of the above

8.True or false: Research suggests that the death penalty was applied evenly across crimes that warranted it, regardless of defendant’s wealth or race.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

9.The legal system is a form of which type of social control?

Select one:

a. Informal

b. Formal

c. Expressive

d. Instrumental

10.Which of the following is correct about the development of law?

Select one:

a. As societies grew, the number of laws and legal specialists remained largely unchanged

b. As societies grew, the number of laws and legal specialists decreased

c. As societies grew, so too did the number of laws and legal specialists

d. None of the above

11.Which of the following is correct about the development of law?

Select one:

a. As societies grew, the number of laws and legal specialists remained largely unchanged

b. As societies grew, the number of laws and legal specialists decreased

c. As societies grew, so too did the number of laws and legal specialists

d. None of the above

12.Which is true about retaliation in baseball (Duca/Turbow, “The Baseball Codes”)?

Select one:

a. Intent has to be hidden, or a player risks ejection

b. Intent has to be declared so that all players are aware

c. Targets for retaliation vary from team to team and player to player

d. Reasons for retaliation vary from player to player

e. All of the above

f. A, C and D only

13.For Nielsen, which form of offensive speech was most commonly experienced by the people in her study?

Select one:

a. Begging

b. Racial speech

c. Sexually-explicit speech

d. None of the above

14.True or False: Sociologists have argued that banishment or exile removes part of a person’s humanity by removing them from their community.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

15.True or False: Hagan found that organizations and individuals won their legal disputes at approximately the same rate

Select one:

a. True

b. False

16.True or False: Law is the only form of social control that we can use.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

17.How can one describe the sets of rules and social control that baseball players abide by in “The Baseball Codes” (Duca/Turbow)?

Select one:

a. Umpires (baseball’s referees) enforce the informal rules, players enforce the formal rules

b. Umpires (baseball’s referees) enforce formal rules, players enforce the informal rules

c. The unwritten rules are a form of formal social control

d. The unwritten rules are a form of informal social control

e. A and D only

f. B and D only

g. None of the above

18.For Chambliss, what are crimes without a material (financial) goal, and that tend to be more impulsive or emotional?

Select one:

a. Expressive

b. Instrumental

c. Low-Commitment

d. High-Commitment

19.In the series “Archer” what is Sterling Archer’s code name? (Answer: A)

Select one:

a. Duchess

b. Lana

c. Danger Zone

d. Mallory

20.True or False: Deterrence refers to taking away an offender’s ability to commit crimes while being punished.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

21.How did Weber see the law and society linked?

Select one:

a. Social Solidarity

b. Law embedded in economy

c. Economy embedded in law

d. Legitimacy

e. Elective Affinity

22.According to Nielsen (2000), which of the following is NOT TRUE?

Select one:

a. Women are more likely than men to report experiencing public begging and sexually suggestive speech.

b. Only women see sexually suggestive speech as a significant social problem.

c. Nonwhite persons are more likely to report experiencing racial speech.

d. White persons are more likely than Nonwhite persons to see offensive racial speech as a social problem.

23.Which of Nielsen’s paradigms held that regulating offensive speech is best reserved for the specific victim and offender, rather than the police?

Select one:

a. First Amendment

b. Autonomy

c. Impracticality

d. Distrust of Authority

24.True or False: Law has a monopoly on social control and regulating behavior

Select one:

a. True

b. False

25.A person who has lived in a community for 7 years is the victim of a robbery, and the suspect moved into the neighborhood less than one year ago. What concept from Baumgartner would this highlight?

Select one:

a. Stratification

b. Morphology

c. Culture

d. Organization

e. Availability of other forms of social control

26.According to “The Baseball Codes” (Duca/Turbow), what is the main issue at the heart of baseball’s unwritten rules?

Select one:

a. How to act around umpires

b. What the strike zone is

c. Demonstrating respect for other players

d. None of the above

27.Which of the following is true about retaliation in baseball, according to “The Baseball Codes”?

Select one:

a. Retaliation is never accepted on baseball

b. There is an appropriate time and form for retaliation, but few agree on when and how it is appropriate

c. Retaliation may not always be understood by others on the field, but if genuine, there is a reason for it

d. All of the above

e. A and C only

f. B and C only

28.Why was the panopticon an effective punishment for Foucualt?

Select one:

a. The circular prison design kept prisoners dizzy

b. The prisoners were being watched constantly by guards

c. The prisoners thought they were being watched

d. None of the Above

29.True or False: For Hagan, Apple (as an organization) would be less likely to win a court case than a smaller startup company.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

30.Which of Nielsen’s paradigms did the fewest people in her study agree with?

Select one:

a. First Amendment

b. Autonomy

c. Impracticality

d. Distrust of Authority

31.As discussed in lecture and in the Sorensen article, what sort of effect did/does the death penalty have on crimes such as homicide?

Select one:

a. Having the death penalty lowered the homicide rate

b. Having the death penalty raised the homicide rate

c. The death penalty had no effect on the homicide rate

d. None of the above

32.Which of Nielsen’s paradigms suggested that regulating offensive speech not a good use of the police’s and court’s time?

Select one:

a. First Amendment

b. Autonomy

c. Impracticality

d. Distrust of Authority

33.How did Durkheim see the law and society linked?

Select one:

a. Social Solidarity

b. Law embedded in economy

c. Economy embedded in law

d. Legitimacy

e. Elective Affinity

34.In the animated series “Archer”, what is Archer’s code name? (Hint: Answer is A)

Select one:

a. Duchess

b. Sterling

c. Mallory

d. Danger Zone

35.True or False: When we watch our behavior because we want to avoid people gossiping and shaming us, we are concerned with formal social control.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

36.For Chambliss, what are crimes with a material (financial) goal?

Select one:

a. Expressive

b. Instrumental

c. Low-Commitment

d. High-Commitment

37.How did Marx see the law and society linked?

Select one:

a. Social Solidarity

b. Law embedded in economy

c. Economy embedded in law

d. Legitimacy

e. Elective Affinity

38.When a lawyer argues for a change of venue for a client because they feel a jury won’t understand their client’s experiences, what concept from Baumgartner is seen?

Select one:

a. Stratification

b. Morphology

c. Culture

d. Organization

e. Availability of other forms of social control

39.How can one measure the amount of law, per Black and Baumgartner?

Select one:

a. At the societal level

b. At the case level

c. A&B

d. None of the above

40.For Chambliss, where would we see the least deterrent effect?

Select one:

a. High-commitment criminals committing instrumental crimes

b. High commitment criminals committing expressive crimes

c. Low-commitment criminals committing instrumental crimes

d. Low-commitment criminals committing expressive crimes.

41.True or False: If a fight among players breaks out during a baseball game, all players on both teams are expected to participate, whether they throw punches or not

Select one:

a. True

b. False

42.In “The Baseball Codes” (Duca/Turbow), what is the difference between cheating and playing cleanly?

Select one:

a. Being caught

b. A cheating player is automatically ejected, while a clean player is not

c. Players who cheat lose respect from their peers

d. None of the above

43.What type of law regulates us and determines deviance?

Select one:

a. Procedural law

b. Civil law

c. Restitutive law

d. Substantive law

44.Which of Nielsen’s paradigms did most people in her study agree with?

Select one:

a. First Amendment

b. Autonomy

c. Impracticality

d. Distrust of Authority

45.For Foucualt, what does prolonged supervision/surveillance lead to?

Select one:

a. Internalization of discipline

b. Forced Happiness

c. Internalization of conformity

d. Frustration

46.True or False: Law operates separately and independently from other social institutions.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

47.For Weber, what is necessary for law?

Select one:

a. Coercion

b. Justice

c. Someone whose job it is to enforce the laws

d. All of the Above

e. A&C only

48.True or False: Spencer saw the law as evolving from contract to status.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

49.True or False: The vast majority of respondents in Nielsen’s study found that offensive speech was a social problem that should have legal limits imposed on it.

Select one:

a. True

b. False

50.As discussed in lecture, how is law enforced?

Select one:

a. Rewarding those who follow the law

b. We all agree on what the laws are and to obey them

c. By coercion

d. None of the above

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